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be going to与will总是不会用?掌握这两点就够了!

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be going与will

◆相同点:

be going to结构”与“will+动词原形”均可表示将来的情况,它们有时可以互换使用。如:

I am going to tell Jim about it. 

= I will tell Jim about it.

◆不同点:

1. be going to结构”表示将要发生的动作或安排,特别是打算、计划、决定要做的事,而“will+动词原形”常用来客观陈述将来某个时间要发生的动作或存在的状态。如:

I’m going to buy a beautiful gift for my cousin on her birthday.

We will know the result tomorrow.

2. be going to结构”和“will+动词原形”均可表示“预见”,但是“be going to结构”强调现在已有迹象表明将要发生或即将发生某种情况,而“will+动词原形”则带有说话人的主观态度和看法。如:

It has turned very cold. It’s going to snow.

I think people will live to be 200 years old in the future.

【运用】

. 写出下面句子的同义句。

I will climb that mountain one day.

________________________________________

. 将下列句子翻译成英语

1. 我打算这周六摘草莓。

______________________________________

2. 聚会将在今天下午6点举行。

______________________________________

3. 我认为将来城市会更拥挤。

______________________________________

4. 看那乌云,要下雨了。

______________________________________

答案

. I’m going to climb that mountain one day.

. 1. I’m going to / will pick strawberries this Saturday.

2. The party will be at six this afternoon.

3. I think cities will be more crowded in the future.

4. Look at the black clouds — it’s going to rain.

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